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Friday, October 9, 2020 | History

3 edition of Evolutionary genetics of male life history traits in Drosophila melanogaster found in the catalog.

Evolutionary genetics of male life history traits in Drosophila melanogaster

Kimberly A. Hughes

Evolutionary genetics of male life history traits in Drosophila melanogaster

by Kimberly A. Hughes

  • 365 Want to read
  • 10 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Drosophila melanogaster -- Genetics.,
  • Drosophila melanogaster -- Evolution.,
  • Sexual selection in animals.,
  • Quantitative genetics.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Kimberly A. Hughes.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsMicrofilm 94/3096 (Q)
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Paginationvii, 154 leaves
    Number of Pages154
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL1242367M
    LC Control Number94629496

    The Genome of Drosophila melanogaster is the complete compendium of what is known about the genes and chromosomes of this widely used model organism. This volume is an up-to-date revision of Lindsley and Grell's work, Genetic Variations of Drosophila maybom247.com new edition contains complete descriptions of normal and mutant genes including phenotypic, cytological, molecular, and Cited by: All of these traits make Drosophila melanogaster the ideal subject to use in scientific research. Despite the simplicity of Drosophila melanogaster, scientists can learn a great deal about genetics and biology from it. Many of the same principles about genetics are the same for fruit flies and other animals, including humans.

    in females: evolutionary trade-off between early life mating and lifespan in female Drosophila melanogaster Laura M. Travers1, FranciscoGarcia-Gonzalez1,2 & LeighW. Simmons1 The trade-off between survival and reproduction is fundamental to life history theory. Sexual selection is expected to favour a ‘live fast die young’ life history. The genetic basis of adaptive pigmentation variation in Drosophila A Case Study of Female Abdominal Pigmentation in Drosophila melanogaster, Genetics, /genetics Mathur, C. Schlötterer, P. S. Schmidt, J. E. Pool and T. Flatt, Spatially varying selection shapes life history clines among.

    Drosophila melanogaster (Rauser et al., ) and that the occurrence of late-life fecundity plateaus is not affected by nutrition or mate age (Rauser et al., ). This evolutionary theory not only implies that popu-lation fecundity should plateau at late ages, but that these plateaus should evolve according to . Evaluating the Effects of Natural Selection in Drosophila melanogaster. Abstract The purpose of this experiment was to complete an experiment about population genetics using living organisms (Drosophila melanogaster) over the course of several months. Skill sets, such as sexing and tracking phenotypes within a fly population across.


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Evolutionary genetics of male life history traits in Drosophila melanogaster by Kimberly A. Hughes Download PDF EPUB FB2

Jan 01,  · Due to its simple and rapid life cycle, cosmopolitan distribution, ease of maintenance in the laboratory, well-understood evolutionary genetics, and its versatile genetic toolbox, the “vinegar fly” Drosophila melanogaster is one of the most powerful, experimentally tractable model systems for studying “life-history evolution.”Author: Thomas Flatt.

The Evolutionary Genetics of Life History in Drosophila Melanogaster Abstract Life history traits are critical components of fitness and frequently reflect adaptive responses to environmental pressures. Natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster exhibit patterns of lifespan, fecundity,Cited by: 1.

The nucleotide sequences of a common region of 15 mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs) sampled from the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup were determined. The region is base pairs long, including most of the NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 and cytochrome oxidase Cited by: Nov 11,  · Fruit flies of the genus Drosophila have been an attractive and effective genetic model organism since Thomas Hunt Morgan and colleagues made seminal discoveries with them a century ago.

Work with Drosophila has enabled dramatic advances in cell and developmental biology, neurobiology and behavior, molecular biology, evolutionary and population genetics, and other maybom247.com by: nature genetics • volume 33 • february Evolution of gene expression in the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup Scott A.

Rifkin 1,2, Junhyong Kim 1,3 & Kevin P. White 2 Published online 27 January ; doi/ng Little is known about broad patterns of variation and evolution of gene expression during any developmental process.

Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family maybom247.com species is known generally as the common fruit fly or vinegar maybom247.comng with Charles W. Woodworth's proposal of the use of this species as a model organism, D.

melanogaster continues to be widely used for biological research in genetics, physiology, microbial pathogenesis, and life Family: Drosophilidae. Drosophila (/ d r ə ˈ s ɒ f ɪ l ə, d r ɒ- d r oʊ-/) is a genus of flies, belonging to the family Drosophilidae, whose members are often called "small fruit flies" or (less frequently) pomace flies, vinegar flies, or wine flies, a reference to the characteristic of many species to linger around overripe or rotting fruit.

They should not be confused with the Tephritidae, a related family Class: Insecta. substantial natural genetic variation for life history traits, an understanding of the location, effect, and frequency of naturally occurring alleles has been elusive.

This study uses the elite model system Drosophila melanogaster to perform quantitative genetic mapping on. Feb 08,  · A new resource for the analysis of population genomics and quantitative traits, the Drosophila melanogaster Genetic Reference Panel is presented.

for shared evolutionary history 26 Cited by: Abstract. Numerous laboratory investigations have compared Drosophila melanogaster and D.

simulans for various life history traits and fitness related ecophysiological parameters. From presently available information, it is however difficult to get a general comparative pattern describing the divergence of their ecological niches and understanding their demographic maybom247.com by: Nov 01,  · Abstract.

Fruit flies of the genus Drosophila have been an attractive and effective genetic model organism since Thomas Hunt Morgan and colleagues made seminal discoveries with them a century ago. Work with Drosophila has enabled dramatic advances in cell and developmental biology, neurobiology and behavior, molecular biology, evolutionary and population genetics, and other maybom247.com by: Abstract.

Recent years have seen what can only be described as an all-out assault on the genetic mechanisms of aging in maybom247.com technology and innovative experiments have led a two-pronged attack: one at the level of single-gene intervention and a second at the level of whole genome maybom247.com by: 2.

evolutionary framework, but to provide a roadmap for future genetic studies. INTRODUCTION Researchers using Drosophila as a model system to address evolutionary questions are standing on the threshold of a new era.

One species, D. melanogaster, has emerged as premier model organism for elucidating basic principles of eukaryotic genetics. Here, I review what has been learned about the evolution and genetics of life-history variation in D.

melanogaster by drawing on numerous sources spanning population and quantitative genetics. Life Span Extension of Drosophila melanogaster: Genetic and Population Studies Lawrence G.

Harshman longevity at the intersection of research on genetics, complex traits, and fly populations. (), S = Stearns et al. Life-history traits typically have to do with development, growth, size, reproduction, and survival. The life Cited by: C.J. O'Kane, in Encyclopedia of Genetics, Of the many organisms studied by geneticists in the twentieth century, the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster has become one of the most widely used.

It is small (adults a few mm long), fecund (hundreds of progeny from a single female), a rapid breeder (generation time about 10 days), innocuous, and an undemanding laboratory pet.

The genetic structure of female life history in D. melanogaster: Comparisons among populations Article in Genetics Research 75(2) · May with 5 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Jones et al. (), Diversity of ageing across the tree of life Wolf and Austad (), Introduction: Lifespans and Pathologies Present at Death in Laboratory Animals Schmidt and Paaby (), Reproductive diapause and life-history clines in North American populations of Drosophila melanogaster.

Mar 13,  · Drosophila melanogaster often shows correlations between latitude and phenotypic or genetic variation on different continents, which suggests local adaptation with respect to a heterogeneous environment. Previous phenotypic analyses of latitudinal clines have investigated mainly physiological, morphological, or life-history maybom247.com by: There are many different types of organisms in the world: they differ in size, physiology, appearance, and life history.

The challenge for evolutionary biology is to explain how such diversity arises. The Evolution of Life Histories does this by showing that natural selection is the principal underlying force molding life history variation.

The book describes in particular the ways in which. Evolution in black and white: genetic control of pigment patterns in Drosophila Patricia J. Wittkopp1, Sean B. Carroll2 and Artyom Kopp3 1Molecular Biology and Genetics, Biotechnology Building, Cornell University, Ithaca, NYUSA 2Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Linden Drive, University of Wisconsin, Madison.A prospective review of the quantitative genetics of sperm.

as with life history traits in general, the polygenic nature of sperm form and function presents a large mutational target C. HerreraToward a comprehensive analysis of male fertility in Drosophila melanogaster.

Genetics, (), pp. Google Scholar. Wang et al., Cited by: The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster offers the most powerful means of studying embryonic development in eukaryotes.

New information from many different organ systems has accumulated rapidly in Brand: Michael Bate.